Bubonic Plague Symptoms

Are you in contact with street animals for a longer time in a day? Well, you may be in contact with Bubonic plague. This plague known as Black Death can rapidly spread among humans. It is spread by infected fleas that travel on rodents. 

Let’s get aware of this plague in detail through this blog: 


If you go back in the history of the black death bubonic plague, it takes you to 14th-century Europe. It was caused by the bacteria Yersinia Pestis. Bubonic plague history states that the infected fleas transmitted it by bite. 

In 1347, this pandemic outbreak occurred when Genoese traders arrived in Sicily. 

Its deaths have rapidly increased across central Asia during that time. 

Bubonic Plague Symptoms

There are several symptoms of bubonic plague. Some of them are listed here: 

  • A person suffering from this plague could have a sudden high fever and chills. 
  • If you are having severe pain in the abdomen, arms or legs, or head, you might have death bubonic plague.
  • Swollen lumps in the lymph buboes that could develop and leak pus. 

Cause of Bubonic Plague

  • Bubonic plague black death is a disease caused by Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis) bacterium that is commonly spread when you have regular contact with animals or fleas on rodents. If you are bitten by any rodent flea you may have bubonic plague black death symptoms. This is a zoonotic disease spread between animals and humans. 
  • According to research, bubonic plague cause is noted in cats. It is said that cats are vulnerable to this plague and they are infected by eating sick rodents. There is a high chance that these infected cats could pass on their plague to their owners. 
  • Someone who has pneumonic plague (infected lungs) can spread this plague through droplets that are sprayed into the air. There are very few chances for person-to-person spread. The bubonic plague death rate is increased in some cases due to the owner’s interaction with their dogs and cats. In the United States, the probability that someone will die from the plague is around 11%.

Bubonic plague treatment

Can bubonic plague symptoms be diagnosed? Yes, if you are immediately contacting your healthcare professional you can start the treatment for this plague.

  • The diagnosis process includes taking blood or tissue samples for the test of Y. pestis. 
  • The good part is bubonic plague treatment is available. You can be treated if you are infected with this plague. Consult your doctors and cure them with antibiotics. In some cases, the patients are hospitalized and treated. If the condition is serious, you can be put into an isolation unit. 
  • Antibiotics that can reduce its deaths: Ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, Gentamicin, and Doxycycline.

Prevention from Bubonic Plague

  • Keep your home or yard with zero rodents (mice, rats, squirrels) or other wild animals. It is important to avoid keeping leftovers at any place. 
  • You need to adapt or change your cleaning habits. Start to be more careful while feeding the stray animals. 
  • It is best to use flea control products for your pets and domestic animals. So that you both are free from bubonic plague. 
  • Wear gloves before contacting the body of dead animals.

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Holding over 5 years of experience, she has been working as a Senior Medical Content Writer, Being a dentist by profession, she has been pursuing her passion for writing since the year 2017. Beginning as a freelancer, she has a come a long way and aims to work consciously in making the audience not just read but engaged and captivated. Research works oriented with inquisitiveness play a crucial role in letting the works have an impact.