Do you understand dandruff vs dry scalp? If not then surely you need to read further to understand better. A dry scalp is mostly a result of insufficient moisture causing white flakes and a sensation of tightness or itchiness on the scalp. Cold or dry climate, hot water, harsh hair products, and age-related elements can contribute to this condition. 

On the other hand, dandruff is attributed to the overgrowth of  Malassezia fungus on the scalp. And that inflicts large, oily, yellowish flakes alongside itching and redness. Anti-dandruff shampoos containing components like zinc pyrithione or ketoconazole are commonly used to address this circumstance. 

What is the Reason For Dandruff

There are many like us who must be wondering what causes dandruff and there can be numerous reasons. Dandruff generally stems from the overgrowth of a yeast-like fungus known as Malassezia at the scalp. This fungus is evidently causing infection and flaking. Other contributing elements include seborrheic dermatitis. 

It is a skin problem having pink, oily pores and skin on the scalp. Dry skin, infrequent shampooing, and certain medical conditions like psoriasis or eczema also can exacerbate dandruff. 

What Causes Dandruff

Understanding the specific causes of having dandruff can guide effective remedies. Regular cleansing, anti-dandruff shampoos, and addressing underlying skin situations are common for causing dandruff in scalp.

  • Malassezia: Ot is the overgrowth of a yeast-like fungus on the scalp. Malassezia triggers irritation and flaking of the scalp.
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis: It ia An usual skin circumstance. It can look like purple and pink. It makes the pores and skin of the scalp oily. It often results in affecting the scalp intensely.
  • Infrequent Shampooing: Not washing the hair frequently can result in the accumulation of useless skin cells. And those dead skin cells come as dandruff. 
  • Medical Conditions: Conditions like psoriasis or eczema can make contributions to dandruff. People having these problems can see a dermatologist. 

Dandruff Treatment at Home

People having dandruff and losing hair for that reason has become an intense problem in everyday life. Let us understand various at home dandruff treatment: 

  • Tea Tree Oil: Tea tree oil is also known for its antifungal residues, dilute a few drops in provider oil and massage into the scalp.
  • Coconut Oil: Massage warm coconut oil into the scalp. It can effectively help in moisturising the scalp and decrease flakiness.
  • Aloe Vera: This is one of the best and most used dandruff treatments at home. Apply clean aloe vera gel without any delay to assuage and moisturise the scalp.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar: Mix with water and use as a rinse after shampooing to restore scalp pH.
  • Baking Soda: Gently exfoliate the scalp by massaging a paste mixed with baking soda and water. It is another effective way to lock moisture within the scalp.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Include meals like fish, flaxseeds, or walnuts on your food regimen for normal scalp health.

READ MORE: Sore Throat: Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, Remedies

What Causes Dry Scalp?

There are several reasons for having dry scalps. Addressing these causes through proper medication, hydration, mild hair care practices, and a balanced eating regimen can help in alleviating dry scalp troubles.

  • Psoriasis: A chronic skin condition marked by rapid skin cell growth, forming plaques on the skin’s surface. Genetics, infections, injuries, medications, and lifestyle choices like alcohol and smoking can trigger it.
  • Tinea Capitis: Also known as scalp ringworm, it’s a fungal infection transmitted through direct contact or sharing items. It persists on contaminated objects for an extended period.
  • Actinic Keratosis: A precancerous condition from prolonged sun exposure. More common in males experiencing hair loss and individuals aged 50 or above who spend significant time outdoors. Genetics and family history contribute to its development.

Other General Reasons Behind Dry Scalp

  • Lack of Moisture: Insufficient hydration, each internally and externally, can result in a dry scalp.
  • Weather Conditions: Harsh environmental factors, in particular dry climate, can strip the scalp of its herbal oils.
  • Hot Water: Excessive use of hot water for washing hair can strip away herbal oils, mainly to dryness.
  • Frequent Shampooing: Washing the hair too often can eliminate vital oils from the scalp, contributing to dryness.
  • Harsh Hair Products: Certain shampoos or styling products containing sturdy chemical compounds can also irritate the scalp and motivate dryness.
  • Underlying Skin Conditions: Conditions like eczema or psoriasis can have an effect on the scalp, mainly to dry and flaky skin.
  • Age: As humans age, the pores and skin has a tendency to provide fewer oils, doubtlessly causing dryness on the scalp.
  • Dietary Factors: Inadequate intake of vital vitamins, particularly omega-3 fatty acids, can impact skin health, together with the scalp.

Dry Scalp Home Remedies

These are some home remedies that aim to nourish and hydrate the scalp, addressing the underlying causes of dryness. Let us check the best dry scalp home remedies

  • Gentle Shampoo: It is important to choose gentle shampoos without harsh chemicals. People can use shampoos which are mild and moisturise the scalp. 
  • Warm Oil Massage: Warm oil massaging can be the best solution for dry scalps. Apply warm coconut or olive oil to the scalp. You can leave that overnight. Or one can also apply it hours before washing it off.
  • Aloe Vera Gel: Aloe vera gel is one of the best options for dry scalp. One can apply it raw or also the processed aloe vera gel to soothe and hydrate the scalp.
  • Avoid Hot Water: Daily use of hot water at the bath can cause dry scalp. Use lukewarm water for hair washing to prevent scalp drying.
  • Balanced Diet: A balanced diet can also be a helpful choice for the people having dry scalps. Those who are looking for the best dry scalp home remedies, should include foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals for ordinary pores and skin fitness.


In end, people need to understand the different needs of care and treatment for dry scalp and dandruff. The distinctions among dry scalp and dandruff is vital for powerful management. While a dry scalp results from inadequate moisture, leading to small, white flakes, dandruff is linked to the overgrowth of the Malassezia fungus, resulting in larger, oily, yellowish flakes. 

Remedies for a dry scalp encompass staying hydrated, the usage of a humidifier, opting for gentle shampoos, and making use of natural moisturisers like warm oil or aloe vera gel.


Q1. Does dandruff and dry scalp cause hair fall?

Ans:Dandruff and dry scalp is not the direct or only reason for hair fall. Though these conditions in severe stages can cause hair fall indirectly.

Q2. How do I know If i am facing dandruff or dry scalp problem?

Ans: If you are seeing small white flakes from your scalp then you have dry scalp. And if the flakes are bigger, yellowish and oily then you have dandruff.

Q3. How often should I wash hair?

Ans:hair wash should be done at least twice in a week.

Q4. Is putting oil on the scalp good?

Ans: Oiling the hair before hair wash is good. Otherwise hair roots produce their own oil.